# rotate_copy

 Category: algorithms Component type: function

## Prototype

```template <class ForwardIterator, class OutputIterator>
OutputIterator rotate_copy(ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator middle,
ForwardIterator last, OutputIterator result);
```

## Description

`Rotate_copy` copies elements from the range `[first, last)` to the range `[result, result + (last - first))` such that `*middle` is copied to `*result`, `*(middle + 1)` is copied to `*(result + 1)`, and so on. Formally, for every integer `n` such that `0 <= n < last - first`, `rotate_copy` performs the assignment `*(result + (n + (last - middle)) % (last - first)) = *(first + n)`. `Rotate_copy` is similar to `copy` followed by `rotate`, but is more efficient. The return value is `result + (last - first)`.

## Definition

Defined in the standard header algorithm, and in the nonstandard backward-compatibility header algo.h.

## Requirements on types

• `ForwardIterator` is a model of ForwardIterator.
• `OutputIterator` is a model of OutputIterator.
• `ForwardIterator`'s value type is convertible to a type in `OutputIterator`'s set of value types.

## Preconditions

• `[first, middle)` is a valid range.
• `[middle, last)` is a valid range. [1]
• There is enough space to hold all of the elements being copied. More formally, the requirement is that `[result, result + (last - first))` is a valid range.
• The ranges `[first, last)` and `[result, result + (last - first))` do not overlap.

## Complexity

Linear. `Rotate_copy` performs exactly `last - first` assignments.

## Example

```const char alpha[] = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
rotate_copy(alpha, alpha + 13, alpha + 26, ostream_iterator<char>(cout));
// The output is nopqrstuvwxyzabcdefghijklm
```

## Notes

[1] It follows from these two requirements that `[first, last)` is a valid range.

`rotate`, `copy`.