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Revision as of 20:57, 15 December 2008 by ChrisCox (Talk | contribs) (Complex Idioms)

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What things need to be tested as part of this benchmark suite?

If you have additions or suggestions, please add them.

Fundamental Concepts

Most of these can't easily be tested.

  • regular types
  • basic math
  • basic flow control
  • dereference
    • a pointer/iterator is a regular type that can be dereferenced
  • type conversion
    • performance of type conversions (known to be a problem on certain compilers)

Language Concepts

  • abstraction
    • what happens to performance when I put { } around a value?
  • inheritance
    • what happens if my function is in a child class, virtual, or both?
    • what happens if my values are in a child class, virtual, or both?
  • function calls - how expensive are different styles of function call?
    • inline, function pointer, defined in another module, etc.
  • exceptions - what is the cost of using exceptions?
    • throwing versus not
    • compared to error return codes
    • exceptions enabled or not in the compiler
    • compared to setjmp/longjmp?
  • RTTI - what are the costs?
    • compared to per-object ids or strings
  • function objects - what are the costs/benefits compared to inline functions and function pointers?
  • template instantiation
    • are there any problems with duplicate template bodies and code size?
    • are there any problems with recursive templates or deep usage of templates?
  • constructors
    • Are empty constructors correctly optimized away?
    • Are copy constructors correctly optimized away?
    • Are default copy constructors efficient?

Simple Idioms

These are building blocks, with more than one way to express them. These are commonly reused things, usually found in headers like "inlines.h", "math_utils.h", etc.

For all of these: What is the optimal implementation, and does the compiler recognize other implementations and substitute the optimal one?

  • swapping 2 values
  • absolute value
  • min/max of 2 values
  • switch versus if/else trees
  • pin values to range (max, min combo)
  • rotate bits within a byte/word
  • byte order reversal
  • round up/down
  • round float to int
  • thresholding
  • pointer alignment tests and comparisons
  • fixed point math
  • extended precision math (ie: 64 bit math on a 32 bit CPU)

Complex Idioms

  • safe bool cast from a smart pointer
  • hand coded memcpy, memmove, memset, memcmp
    • simple types and user defined types
    • arrays and containers
  • convolution
    • 1D, 2D, and more?
  • matrix multiplication
    • 2D is common
    • higher dimensions get a bit esoteric
  • min/max of a sequence
  • summation of a sequence
  • product of a sequence
  • dot product of sequences
  • sorting a sequence
    • many possible algorithms and implementations
    • given the permutations, is this testable?
    • maybe just test STL implementations?
  • reversing a sequence
  • rotating members of a sequence
  • find/search sequence
  • lookup tables
  • interleave/deinterleave buffers
  • transpose block
  • rotate a 2D block
    • plus or minus 90 degrees
    • 180 degrees
    • horizontal flip
    • vertical flip
    • transpose
  • histogram building
  • stack like operations
  • bitarrays and manipulations of them
  • complex type and template

Runtime and Library Support

  • allocation / deletion
    • new, delete
    • malloc, free
    • performance for various sizes (testing suballocation)
  • mathlib
    • all functions
    • compared to inline versions of some functions
  • string manipulation routines
    • strcpy, strcmp, strchr, strcat, etc.
    • strncpy, strncmp, strncat, etc.
  • memory routines
    • memcpy, memmove, memset, memcmp, etc.
  • ctype routines
    • isdigit, isalpha, etc.
  • stdio
    • printf, getc, fread, fwrite, etc.
  • C++ iostreams
    • cout, ostream, etc.
    • compare cout versus printf
  • stdlib
    • strtod, strtof

More Complex Stuff

  • STL containers
    • insertion
      • push_front
      • push_back
      • in-order, reverse-order and random insert for ordered containers
    • removal
    • deletion of container
    • iterating items
    • reverse iterating items
    • copy containers
    • erase all entries
    • search/find/lookup
      • in-order, reverse-order and random
  • STL algorithms
  • iostreams


Need to test as many as possible.

  • algebraic simplification
  • constant folding
  • constant propagation
  • copy propagation
  • common subexpression elimination
  • loop invariant code motion
  • dead code elimination
  • strength reduction
  • value range propagation (aka Predicate Simplification?)
  • loop fusion
  • loop interchange
  • loop normalization
  • loop removal
  • loop unrolling
  • loop unswitching
  • normalization of references
  • scalar replacement of arrays
  • scalar replacement of structs
  • instruction scheduling

Conformance to Specification

  • user specified swap in STL algorithms
  • short circuit evaluation of boolean expressions
  • growth policies and complexities of STL containers

Binary Size

  • Are duplicate templates correctly collapsed?
  • Are unused template member functions correctly removed?
  • Are unused (or duplicate) static, const, and static const values correctly removed?

Language Extensions

Other ?