GIL File Format Import/Export Factory

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Contents

Basic Description

The GIL IO Factory is intended to be a generic way of:

  • Detecting the image file format of a given file on disk (detection)
  • Loading the image data from an on-disk file into an adobe::gil image or adobe::gil variant (import)
  • Saving an adobe::gil image or adobe::gil variant to a file (of specific format) on-disk (export)

API

Location

<adobe/gil/extension/io/io_factory.hpp>

ASL Public Interface

template <typename ViewType>
class image_factory_t
{
    typedef ViewType                  view_type;
    typedef GIL::image<view_type>     image_type;
    typedef image_format_t<view_type> image_format_type;

    void register_format(const image_format_type& format)

    bool is_registered(adobe::name_t format_tag);

    void unregister_format(adobe::name_t format_tag)

    template <typename O>
    O detect_all_for(std::streambuf& stream_buffer,
                     O               output) const;

    adobe::name_t read(image_type&          image,
                       std::streambuf&      stream_buffer,
                       adobe::dictionary_t& parameters,
                       adobe::name_t        format_tag = adobe::name_t())

    void write(const view_type&     image_view,
               std::streambuf&      stream_buffer,
               adobe::name_t        format_tag,
               adobe::dictionary_t  parameters = adobe::dictionary_t())
};

Notes

image_format_t<view_type> is a runtime-polymorphic API that leverages adobe::regular_object under the hood to maintain a list of possible io format factories. This gives each factory the ability to be implemented separately from the IO factory as a whole, who then can be registered with the factory with no intrusiveness into the module's implementation.

register_format takes an adobe::regular_object-wrapped IO factory module and stores it as a candidate for future file detection, reading and writing. Each image_format_t registered with the IO factory needs to have a unique tag (stored as an adobe::name_t) for identification purposes.

is_registered will return whether or not an IO factory module has already been registered under a specified tag name.

unregister_format will disconnect the IO factory module registered under a specified tag name from the IO factory.

detect_all_for is a means by which one can obtain all the possible registered IO module tags for which the detect call over a specified stream returns true. These tags can be used later to perform read and write operations using a specific registered IO module.

read will take in image data from a std::streambuf and inject it into an adobe::gil image as specified by the template type of the IO factory. The format_tag parameter can be used to explicitly identify the UI module the client would like to use in order to perform the read operation. In the case when this is not supplied, the IO factory will first traverse the list of IO modules for the first candidate for whom their detect API returns true, and use that module for the read. The parameters parameter is an adobe::dictionary_t that, upon return, will contain metadata about the file that was read. The contents of this dictionary are implementation-defined according to the IO module specification. The return value of the read API will be the tag of the IO module used to perform the read.

write will take in image data from an adobe::gil image and inject it into a std::streambuf. The format_tag parameter can be used to explicitly identify the UI module the client would like to use in order to perform the write operation, and is required. The parameters parameter is an adobe::dictionary_t that can be used to supply metadata to the IO module to assist in saving the file format.

When the image_factory_t::read API is invoked, the factory will iterate through the registered file format IO modules to find the first one whose detect function returns true. Once this candidate is found, it is given the path to the file on which the import needs to be done, and the IO module returns the adobe::gil image as a result. This result can then be fed into the adobe::image_t widget.

Issues and Future Considerations

  • Can the IO Factory leverage GIL more throughly?
  • What about file metadata?
    • We might be able to leverage XMP for that
    • Can we preserve what's in the file so that round-trips through the IO Factory don't strip the metadata out?
  • What about parameter blocks for scripting import/export?
    • What about the case when more information is needed than what the param block provides?
    • We might be able to leverage the ASL modal dialog interface for that
  • The detect call should return an adobe::dictionary_t filled with metadata discovered about the image during the time of detection, if applicable. The contents of the adobe::dictionary_t are implementation-defined based on the io module that handled the detection. A common set of keys should be defined to help the client of the IO factory discern what metadata values are present. Keys might be some of:
    • height
    • width
    • bits_per_channel
    • bits_per_pixel
    • xmp (and/or other metadata format names (exif, etc.))
    • channel_count
    • colorspace (with specific valid enumerations as possible values)
  • The IO Factory needs to be templated based on the ImageType, not the ViewType, of the image format with which we are dealing. This is because the ViewType can be derived from the ImageType, but not the other way around.
  • We should move away from std::streambuf in the API and to boost::filesystem::path, as some IO modules will have internal libraries that want file names to open, not buffers from which to read. By using boost::filesystem::path we concede to a specification that is a superset over std::streambuf.
  • The file's extension should also be passed through the API (NOTE: this will be fixed by the fix to migrate from std::streambuf to boost::filesystem::path.)